A CARD FROM THE CALENDAR - JÓZEF AND FRANCISZKA ZWONARZ
The Germans trusted Józef. They assumed that a man with half-Hungarian roots (inherited from his mother) could not be fully devoted to the values cultivated in the Polish nation. Besides, Józef had a mechanic and locksmith workshop, and they needed such services too. So they visited the Zwonarz family, having no idea that their service provider was active in the resistance movement, conducting secret education, distributing underground press and, what is more, had been hiding the Jewish Wallach family beneath the workshop they used since December 1942: Jafa, her husband Natan and Jafa’s two brothers. The Zwonarz family entrusted the Wallachs’ little daughter, Reny, to friends in Bezmiechowa. In the summer of 1944, Anna, Jafa’s sister, also joined the underground hiding place. All of them survived.