Blazing fire, suffocating smoke, explosions of grenades thrown through broken windows, desperate screams of burning people coming from the burning apartment. And then terrifying silence… This is what it looked like on December 15, 1942 in the village of Wola Przybysławska, where angry Germans raided in. Someone denouced that two Jews were hiding on the farm of the Aftika family. The Germans simply couldn’t leave things like this. In a fire, 47-year-old Aniela Aftyka and her two daughters, 16-year-old Zosia and 12-year-old Marianka, died. Probably two Jewish fugitives who were receiving help from the Aftyka family died in a fire as well. Józef Aftyka, Aniela’s husband, was supposed to die a little later – shot by the Germans in the cemetery in Markuszów. The murder of his family was only the beginning of a series of executions on Poles from Wola Przybyslawska, who dared to rescue people destined by the Germans for extermination. After the liquidation of the nearby ghettos in 1942 and 1943, many Jews who were hiding in the surrounding forests, often turned to the Poles for food and shelter.
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