Markuszowa residents - murdered for helping Jews
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- Markuszowa residents - murdered for helping Jews
– Blessed Virgin, save us! The Germans are coming again! With Perschk in charge. This time they are walking from farm to farm and clearing the ground ALL the way – reported to the neighbors one of the residents of Kozłówek village. – Yesterday they shot Aleksandra Pirga. They picked her up on the road – she and the girls were going to the field… They put her in a wagon, brought her by the house and shot her – it was all over… Listeners, shook their heads in fear. In the spring it was similar: first a denunciation, then an raid and a round-up. The Jews and Poles were murdered then. And there were a lot of Jews in this area – they knew that in this region, regardless of the danger, they could count on the help of Polish farmers. The Poles provided them with food, clothes and medicine, helped them to build dugouts and sometimes gave them shelter.
At the beginning of July 1943, following Aleksandra Pirga, the Gestapo men came to Katarzyna Fąfara’s farm. Feliks Ciołkosz from Markuszowa helped her with farm work. The Germans did not like him, so they shot him. Jan Ciołkosz and Ciołkoszowa probably met the same fate. Similarly, only in the field, another resident of Kozłówek, Piotr Zagórski, was killed. This happened in front of his two sons: Stanisław and Józef. Then Wojciech Śliwa and Stanisław Oparowski, who came to Śliwa with a decree from the village leader, were shot in Aniela Śliwa’s farm.
After the executions murdered Poles were buried at the roadside shrine of Virgin Mary. Feliks Ciołkosz’s body was taken by his relatives and buried in the garden. It was not until the Germans withdrew from the area in 1944 that the families moved the remains of their relatives to the cemetery in Dobrzechów.
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